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Causes of Poverty

“Poverty Is the worst form of violence”- Mahatma Gandhi. Poverty Is a problem of unmet human physical need. That Is, persons and families In poverty lack the goods and services needed to sustain and support life and the income to purchase the goods or services which would meet those needs. Have they been lazy, made poor decisions, and been solely responsible for their plight? What are the causes of this extreme need? Overpopulation is the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, which Is closely associated with poverty.

Overpopulation Is the ‘mother-problem’. This problem Is present In most of the countries where poverty Is Involved. Poverty rises when food resources aren’t sufficient to satisfy the daily needs of those people. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financially or family planning. Some developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth. Between 1999 and 2011, the world’s population increased by 1 billion, states the ‘Population Institute’.

They goad them to famine, and then hang them if they steal a sheep. -? Percy Abysses Shelley. Famine, another cause of poorness strikes In many countries, like in India, sub Sahara Africa, Congo and Ethiopia. One cause of famine of Africa is the periodic lack of rain. In India, it is the significant amount of people and scarce food which widespread poverty. Children who are poorly nourished suffer up to 160 days of illness each year. Under nutrition magnifies the effect of every disease, including measles and malaria.

The highest rates of child mortality are still in Sub- Sahara Africa where 1 In 8 children dies before age 5. Without brainpower and labor force. A country cannot progress. Illiteracy and poverty constitute a mutually reinforcing vicious cycle that is difficult to break. People with low levels of literacy are more likely to earn less and experience poverty or extreme poverty. Education enlightens whereas ignorance darkens. Access to literacy competence opens up essential learning opportunities, thus contributing to economic development. Illiteracy Is an obstacle to a better quality of life’, says an article of Literacy of UNESCO. The lack of education deprives one from working and earning money to earn a good living. ‘Almost half the world, over 3 billion people, live on less than 2. 50 a day, quotes an article from ‘Global issues’. Unemployment and poverty are the two major challenges that are facing the world economy at present. It is an obstacle to the economic development. An unemployed person has no means to earn money and cannot fulfill his own and his family’s basic needs.

He and his family cannot avail quality education, medical faceless and has no means to create Income- earning assets, unemployment leads to poverty and poverty In turn leads to unemployment. Natural disasters are as much a result of poverty and weak government as plate tectonics and weather. Disaster risk is higher in the poorer parts of the world. Disastrous floods, tropical storms, earthquakes and droughts accelerate poverty. Poor ones have more difficulty recovering from such calamities.

They usually have less deterioration of the natural environment including the atmosphere, bodies of water, soil, and forest is an important cause of poverty. Natural disasters have had a disproportionately large impact on the developing world and on poor people within countries in need. According to the ‘ Hunger Notes’, there were 3. 5 million of refugees after a cyclone in Africa. On the economic side, the high rate of unemployment and unfair trades increases poverty in the country. Unemployment is rampant now that the global financial crisis has ravaged the world’s economy.

With the higher number of unemployed people, many are found with no income in the house and suffer at the very basic needs. High subsidies and protective tariffs for agriculture in the developed world drains the taxed money and increases prices for consumers in the developed world, decreasing competition and efficiency and preventing exports by more competitive agricultural and other sectors in the developed world. It was known that many years ago, many countries were colonized. Hence, those countries do not have enough food/resources for its people.

When these once colonized countries start development towards modernization, they lack raw infrastructure, such as transportation systems and power-generating facilities. These also lack raw materials and knowledge skills. As a result of this, the countries must rely on trade with developed countries for manufactured goods, instead of themselves. The lack of materials also leads to lesser Jobs for the population, in which will increase the rate f poverty, most people will be found unemployed, and are unable to earn for a good living.

As this goes on and on, the rate poverty will increase drastically. Corruption often occurs when leaders are not accountable to those they serve. Corruption usually inhibits development when leaders help themselves using the money that would be used for development projects. Corruption increases the cost of business through the price of illicit payments themselves. Also, it generates economic distortions in the public sector by diverting public investment into capital projects where bribes and kickbacks are more plentiful.

In Nigeria for example, more than 400 Billion dollars was stolen from the National Treasury by Insignia’s leaders from 1960 to 1999. Hence, this leads to poverty as this money should have been used to help the poor, which results in a lack of funds. As we all know, poverty is a curse There are things that some people until now can’t apprehend. Aside from the everyday expenditure, many people have vices such as cigarettes and alcohols which we weren’t able to include in our daily expenses. When people begin to get wages or salaries, they immediately spend the money for worthless and nonsense Shave. N (Mauritius)